Otto Muehl is born in Grodnau, Burgenland, Austria, son of a primary school teacher.
takes part in the Ardennes offensive, escapes from Soviet captivity.
teacher´s degree in German and History (University of Vienna), probational year in a school in Vienna.
studies at the Academy of Fine arts, Vienna, attends Heimo Kuchling´s lectures on morphology.
1954 until 1963: art therapist in a home for emotionally disturbed children run by the psychoanalyst Eva Rosenfeld, a pupil of Sigmund Freud.
meets Günter Brus and Alfons Schilling.
|1961 – 1970|
meets Hermann Nitsch, they decide to perform the immurement action in the Perinet cellar.
three day immurement action with Nitsch and Frohner, "Blutorgel".
"Fest des psycho–physischen Naturalismus", program: throwing a kitchen dresser filled with marmelade and flour out of the window. 14 days arrest.
marries Friedel Neiss.
Gustav Metzger invites him to participate in the Destruction in Arts Symposium (DIAS) in London.
founds ZOCK with Oswald Wiener.
"Kunst und Revolution". Action at the University of Vienna. Günter Brus, Otto Muehl and Oswald Wiener sentenced to 2 months prison.
participates in the "Happening und Fluxus" exhibition curated by Harald Szeemann in Cologne. Performs radical actions. Publishes "ZOCK: Aspekte einer Totalrevolution".
participates in Dokumenta V organized by Harald Szeemann.
|1970 – 1990|
COMMUNE EXPERIMENT FRIEDRICHSHOF.
founds the Praterstrasse Commune in Vienna, based on the principles of free sexuality, common property, collective education of the children. Later known as the AAO (Actions Analytical Organization), the commune moves to Friedrichshof in 1973. The artistic action is transformed into self–expression. "The painting thrown out of the window" is transformed into action concepts. Production of action painting films.
now numbering 700 members, the commune is economically highly successful – which leads to conflict and rifts. Purchase of a bay on Gomera, in the Canary Islands.
marries claudia weissensteiner.
after 21 years of existence the Friedrichshof Commune breaks up. Otto Muehl is sentenced to seven years prison by the Burgenland Provincial Court for "criminal acts against morality" and offences against the illegal drugs act. He rejects the verdict.
1991 until 1997 in prison: produces numerous drawings and paintings.
after 6 1/2 years he is released suffering from morbus Parkinson and half–blind in one eye. Since then he lives in the Art–Life Family in the Algarve in Southern Portugal together with seven artist families.
Burgtheater Vienna; Claus Peymann invites him to read from "letters from prison" and to perform his dramulett "Muchl".
Le Louvre, Paris; participates in "La peinture comme crime", curated by Régis Michel.
founding of the "Art & Life Sahara Baby Jazz Band." Develops the theme of the shark in his paintings. Actionist "grimuid" representations.
|2002 – 2005|
despite increasing health problems with parkinson, he develops electric painting films, digital photos of actions painted on computer and edited into films. The themes are his day–to–day life and the life in the group.
MAK Vienna Museum of Applied Arts; Retrospective "Otto Muehl Leben/Kunst/Werk Aktion Utopie Malerei 1960–2004".
Kulturstiftung Phoenix Art, Sammlung Falckenberg, Hamburg
"landscape in your mind"
"konzept. aktion. sprache."
"mapping the studio"
june 16 otto muehl’s 85th birthday
Otto Muehl died peacefully in Portugal amongst the "Art Life Family".
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